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Holocaust Angst

Book of Holocaust Angst
Holocaust Angst is book by N.a, publish by Oxford University Press with 336 pages. You can read book online free by subscribe to Kindle Unlimited or direct download from the alternative source.
  • Author : N.a
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn : : 019023783X
  • Pages : 336
  • Category : History

In the face of an outpouring of research on Holocaust history, Holocaust Angst takes an innovative approach. It explores how Germans perceived and reacted to how Americans publicly commemorated the Holocaust. It argues that a network of mostly conservative West German officials and their associates in private organizations and foundations, with Chancellor Kohl located at its center, perceived themselves as the "victims" of the afterlife of the Holocaust in America. They were concerned that public manifestations of Holocaust memory, such as museums, monuments, and movies, could severely damage the Federal Republic's reputation and even cause Americans to question the Federal Republic's status as an ally. From their perspective, American Holocaust memorial culture constituted a stumbling block for (West) German-American relations since the late 1970s. Providing the first comprehensive, archival study of German efforts to cope with the Nazi past vis-à-vis the United States up to the 1990s, this book uncovers the fears of German officials-some of whom were former Nazis or World War II veterans-about the impact of Holocaust memory on the reputation of the Federal Republic and reveals their at times negative perceptions of American Jews. Focusing on a variety of fields of interaction, ranging from the diplomatic to the scholarly and public spheres, the book unearths the complicated and often contradictory process of managing the legacies of genocide on an international stage. West German decision makers realized that American Holocaust memory was not an "anti-German plot" by American Jews and acknowledged that they could not significantly change American Holocaust discourse. In the end, German confrontation with American Holocaust memory contributed to a more open engagement on the part of the West German government with this memory and eventually rendered it a "positive resource" for German self-representation abroad. Holocaust Angst offers new perspectives on postwar Germany's place in the world system as well as the Holocaust culture in the United States and the role of transnational organizations.

Holocaust Representations in History

Book of Holocaust Representations in History
  • Author : Daniel H. Magilow,Lisa Silverman
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Isbn : : 1350091820
  • Pages : 272
  • Category : History

How the Holocaust is depicted and memorialized is key to our understanding of the atrocity and its impact. Through 18 case studies dating from the immediate aftermath of the genocide to the present day, Holocaust Representations in History explores this in detail. Daniel H. Magilow and Lisa Silverman examine film, drama, literature, photography, visual art, television, graphic novels, memorials, and video games as they discuss the major themes and issues that underpin the chronicling of the Holocaust. Each chapter is focused on a critical debate or question in Holocaust history; the case studies range from well-known, commercially successful works about the Holocaust to controversial examples which have drawn accusations of profaning the memory of the genocide. This 2nd edition adds to the mosaic of representation, with new chapters analysing poetry in the wake of the Holocaust and video games from the here and now. This unique volume provides an unmatched survey of key and controversial Holocaust representations and is of vital importance to anyone wanting to understand the subject and its complexities.

German Angst

Book of German Angst
  • Author : Frank Biess
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn : : 0191023612
  • Pages : 416
  • Category : History

German Angst analyses the relationship between fear and democracy in postwar West Germany. While fear and anxiety have historically been associated with authoritarian regimes, Frank Biess demonstrates the ambivalent role of these emotions in a democratizing society: in West Germany, fear and anxiety both undermined democracy and stabilized it. By taking seriously postwar Germans' uncertainties about the future, this study challenges dominant linear and teleological narratives of postwar West German 'success', highlighting the prospective function of memories of war, National Socialism, and the Holocaust. Postwar Germans projected fears and anxieties that they derived from memories of a catastrophic past into the future. Based on case studies from the 1940s to the present, German Angst provides a new interpretive synthesis of the Federal Republic. It tells the history of the Federal Republic as a series of cyclical crises in which specific fears and anxieties emerged, served a variety of political functions, and then again abated. Drawing on recent interdisciplinary insights generated by the field of emotion studies, Biess's study transcends the dichotomy of 'reason' and 'emotion'. Fear and anxiety were not exclusively irrational and dysfunctional, but served important roles in postwar democracy. These emotions sensitized postwar Germans to the dangers of an authoritarian transformation, and they also served as emotional engines of new social movements, including the environmental and peace movements. German Angst also provides an original analysis of the emotional basis of right-wing populism in Germany today, and it explores the possibilities of a democratic politics of emotion.

Holocaust Memory in a Globalizing World

Book of Holocaust Memory in a Globalizing World
  • Author : Jacob S. Eder,Philipp Gassert,Alan E. Steinweis
  • Publisher : Wallstein Verlag
  • Isbn : : 3835340115
  • Pages : 278
  • Category : History

Aus einer globalen Perspektive werden Entwicklung und Funktion der Erinnerung an den Holocaust in nationalen und regionalen Kontexten untersucht. Die Erinnerung an den Holocaust ist zentraler Bestandteil des historischen Bewusstseins und der politischen Kultur im wiedervereinigten Deutschland, in Israel und in den USA. Doch lässt sich das auch für andere Teile der Welt so sagen? Wie haben sich Gesellschaften, die nicht von Besatzung und Vernichtungsmaßnahmen des NS-Regimes betroffen waren, mit dem Erbe des Holocaust auseinandergesetzt? Wie haben Minderheiten mit einer eigenen Verfolgungserfahrung auf konkrete Erinnerungsakte reagiert? Wie wirkt sich der demografische Wandel auf die Erinnerung aus? In welcher Form haben sich Einwanderer mit der zentralen Bedeutung des Holocaust auseinandergesetzt? Aus einer globalen Perspektive und in unterschiedlichen nationalen und regionalen Kontexten analysieren internationale Experten den weltweiten Wandel des Holocaust-Gedenkens. Die insgesamt vierzehn Fallbeispiele konzentrieren sich auf die Genese und die Funktionen des Gedenkens in Europa, Nord- und Südamerika, Israel, Nordafrika, Südafrika und Asien. Im Band werden Widersprüche und Herausforderungen in einem Prozess aufgespürt und diskutiert, der häufig als »Globalisierung« oder »Universalisierung« des Holocaust-Gedenkens bezeichnet wird.

Peter Lilienthal

Book of Peter Lilienthal
  • Author : Claudia Sandberg
  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Isbn : : 1800730926
  • Pages : 222
  • Category : Performing Arts

Best known for his 1979 film David, Peter Lilienthal was an unusual figure within postwar filmmaking circles. A child refugee from Nazi Germany who grew up in Uruguay, he was uniquely situated at the crossroads of German, Jewish, and Latin American cultures: while his work emerged from West German auteur filmmaking, his films bore the unmistakable imprints of Jewish thought and the militant character of New Latin American cinema. Peter Lilienthal is the first comprehensive study of Lilienthal’s life and career, highlighting the distinctively cross-cultural and transnational dimensions of his oeuvre, and exploring his role as an early exemplar of a more vibrant, inclusive European film culture.

A Specter Haunting Europe

Book of A Specter Haunting Europe
  • Author : Paul Hanebrink
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Isbn : : 067498854X
  • Pages : 368
  • Category : Social Science

“Masterful...An indispensable warning for our own time.” —Samuel Moyn “Magisterial...Covers this dark history with insight and skill...A major intervention into our understanding of 20th-century Europe and the lessons we ought to take away from its history.” —The Nation For much of the last century, Europe was haunted by a threat of its own imagining: Judeo-Bolshevism. The belief that Communism was a Jewish plot to destroy the nations of Europe took hold during the Russian Revolution and quickly spread. During World War II, fears of a Judeo-Bolshevik conspiracy were fanned by the fascists and sparked a genocide. But the myth did not die with the end of Nazi Germany. A Specter Haunting Europe shows that this paranoid fantasy persists today in the toxic politics of revitalized right-wing nationalism. “It is both salutary and depressing to be reminded of how enduring the trope of an exploitative global Jewish conspiracy against pure, humble, and selfless nationalists really is...A century after the end of the first world war, we have, it seems, learned very little.” —Mark Mazower, Financial Times “From the start, the fantasy held that an alien element—the Jews—aimed to subvert the cultural values and national identities of Western societies...The writers, politicians, and shills whose poisonous ideas he exhumes have many contemporary admirers.” —Robert Legvold, Foreign Affairs

Enemies to Allies

Book of Enemies to Allies
  • Author : Brian C. Etheridge
  • Publisher : University Press of Kentucky
  • Isbn : : 081316642X
  • Pages : 382
  • Category : History

At the close of World War II, the United States went from being allied with the Soviet Union against Germany to alignment with the Germans against the Soviet Union—almost overnight. While many Americans came to perceive the German people as democrats standing firm with their Western allies on the front lines of the Cold War, others were wary of a renewed Third Reich and viewed all Germans as nascent Nazis bent on world domination. These adversarial perspectives added measurably to the atmosphere of fear and distrust that defined the Cold War. In Enemies to Allies, Brian C. Etheridge examines more than one hundred years of American interpretations and representations of Germany. With a particular focus on the postwar period, he demonstrates how a wide array of actors—including special interest groups and US and West German policymakers—employed powerful narratives to influence public opinion and achieve their foreign policy objectives. Etheridge also analyses bestselling books, popular television shows such as Hogan's Heroes, and award-winning movies such as Schindler's List to reveal how narratives about the Third Reich and Cold War Germany were manufactured, contested, and co-opted as rival viewpoints competed for legitimacy. From the Holocaust to the Berlin Wall, Etheridge explores the contingent nature of some of the most potent moral symbols and images of the second half of the twentieth century. This groundbreaking study draws from theories of public memory and public diplomacy to demonstrate how conflicting US accounts of German history serve as a window for understanding not only American identity, but international relations and state power.

Germany On Their Minds

Book of Germany On Their Minds
  • Author : Anne C. Schenderlein
  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Isbn : : 1789200113
  • Pages : 254
  • Category : History

Throughout the 1930s and early 1940s, approximately ninety thousand German Jews fled their homeland and settled in the United States, prior to that nation closing its borders to Jewish refugees. And even though many of them wanted little to do with Germany, the circumstances of the Second World War and the postwar era meant that engagement of some kind was unavoidable—whether direct or indirect, initiated within the community itself or by political actors and the broader German public. This book carefully traces these entangled histories on both sides of the Atlantic, demonstrating the remarkable extent to which German Jews and their former fellow citizens helped to shape developments from the Allied war effort to the course of West German democratization.

An Archive of the Catastrophe

Book of An Archive of the Catastrophe
  • Author : Jennifer Cazenave
  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • Isbn : : 1438474784
  • Pages : 352
  • Category : History

Comprehensive analysis of 220 hours of outtakes that impels us to reexamine our assumptions about a crucial Holocaust documentary. Claude Lanzmann’s 1985 magnum opus, Shoah, is a canonical documentary on the Holocaust—and in film history. Over the course of twelve years, Lanzmann gathered 230 hours of location filming and interviews with survivors, witnesses, and perpetrators, which he condensed into a 9½-hour film. The unused footage was scattered and inaccessible for years before it was restored and digitized by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. In An Archive of the Catastrophe, Jennifer Cazenave presents the first comprehensive study of this collection. She argues that the outtakes pose a major challenge to the representational and theoretical paradigms produced by the documentary, while offering new meanings of Shoah and of Holocaust testimony writ large. They lend fresh insight into issues raised by the film, including questions of resistance, rescue, refugees, and, above all, gender—Lanzmann’s twenty hours of interviews with women make up a mere ten minutes of the finished documentary. As a rare instance of outtakes preserved during the predigital era of cinema, this unused footage challenges us to establish a new critical framework for understanding how documentaries are constructed and reshapes the way we view this key Holocaust film. “Cazenave’s immense work of scholarship and reflection offers an intimate and exacting account of the way Lanzmann’s approach to the project shifted and changed over the years of its creation. Never before has there been a more insightful study of the evolution of his thinking. I believe that any scholar who has worked on this film will agree.” — Stuart Liebman, editor of Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah: Key Essays “This monumental book will profoundly change our understanding of Shoah and Lanzmann’s highly influential shaping of the Holocaust narrative. Cazenave reveals that the significance of Shoah is not only found in what is in it, but, perhaps more importantly, what was omitted from it.” — Aaron Kerner, author of Film and the Holocaust: New Perspectives on Dramas, Documentaries, and Experimental Films

German Division as Shared Experience

Book of German Division as Shared Experience
  • Author : Erica Carter,Jan Palmowski,Katrin Schreiter
  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Isbn : : 1789202434
  • Pages : 318
  • Category : History

Despite the nearly three decades since German reunification, there remains little understanding of the ways in which experiences overlapped across East-West divides. German Division as Shared Experience considers everyday life across the two Germanies, using perspectives from history, literary and cultural studies, anthropology and art history to explore how interconnections as well as fractures between East and West Germany after 1945 were experienced, lived and felt. Through its novel approach to historical method, the volume points to new understandings of the place of narrative, form and lived sensibility in shaping Germans’ simultaneously shared and separate experiences of belonging during forty years of division from 1945 to 1990.

Global Exchanges

Book of Global Exchanges
  • Author : Ludovic Tournès,Giles Scott-Smith
  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Isbn : : 1785337033
  • Pages : 356
  • Category : Education

Exchanges between different cultures and institutions of learning have taken place for centuries, but it was only in the twentieth century that such efforts evolved into formal programs that received focused attention from nation-states, empires and international organizations. Global Exchanges provides a wide-ranging overview of this underresearched topic, examining the scope, scale and evolution of organized exchanges around the globe through the twentieth century. In doing so it dramatically reveals the true extent of organized exchange and its essential contribution for knowledge transfer, cultural interchange, and the formation of global networks so often taken for granted today.

Palgrave Handbook of Research in Historical Culture and Education

Book of Palgrave Handbook of Research in Historical Culture and Education
  • Author : Mario Carretero,Stefan Berger,Maria Grever
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn : : 1137529083
  • Pages : 856
  • Category : History

This volume comprises a broad interdisciplinary examination of the many different approaches by which contemporary scholars record our history. The editors provide a comprehensive overview through thirty-eight chapters divided into four parts: a) Historical Culture and Public Uses of History; b) The Appeal of the Nation in History Education of Postcolonial Societies; c) Reflections on History Learning and Teaching; d) Educational Resources: Curricula, Textbooks and New Media. This unique text integrates contributions of researchers from history, education, collective memory, museum studies, heritage, social and cognitive psychology, and other social sciences, stimulating an interdisciplinary dialogue. Contributors come from various countries of Northern and Southern America, Europe and Asia, providing an international perspective that does justice to the complexity of this field of study. The Palgrave Handbook of Research in Historical Culture and Education provides state-of-the-art research, focussing on how citizens and societies make sense of the past through different ways of representing it.

Asian Pacific American Politics

Book of Asian Pacific American Politics
  • Author : Andrew Aoki,Pei-te Lien
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn : : 1000077772
  • Pages : 356
  • Category : Political Science

Asian Pacific American Politics presents some of the most recent research on Asian American politics, including both quantitative and qualitative examinations of the role of Asian and Pacific Islander Americans in some of today’s major political controversies. In the highly polarized politics of the United States in the early 21st century, non-Black racial minorities such as Asian Americans and Pacific Islander Americans will increasingly find themselves swept into the epicenter of many of the divisive controversies. This timely volume presents the latest scholarly research on some of these issues, examining questions such as Asian American support for #Black Lives Matter, responses to racially-charged attacks, and the differences in the political socialization, politicization, and community-based activism within and across sectors of the Asian American population. In addition to examining political identity, voting participation, political mobilization, transnational politics, and partisan formation, the volume also investigates important, but little discussed, issues such as the Native Hawaiian sovereignty movement, political incorporation of Filipino Americans, and the struggle to establish "comfort women" memorials in the United States. Contributors also examine, through dialogues, how Asian Americans fit into the larger world of American racial politics, the extent to which they are likely to build coalitions with other communities of color, and the boundaries and contours of Asian American political theory. Exploring and Expanding the Political World Pioneered by Don T. Nakanishi, Asian Pacific American Politics will be of great interest to scholars of race and ethnicity in American politics, immigration and minority incorporation, ethnic identity politics, and political participation and democratic inclusion of Asians. The chapters were originally published in Politics, Groups, and Identities.

Roller-Coaster

Book of Roller-Coaster
  • Author : Ian Kershaw
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Isbn : : 0241187176
  • Pages : 704
  • Category : History

From one of Britain's most distinguished historians and the bestselling author of Hitler, this is the definitive history of a divided Europe, from the aftermath of the Second World War to the present. After the overwhelming horrors of the first half of the 20th century, described by Ian Kershaw in his previous book as having gone 'to Hell and back', the years from 1950 to 2017 brought peace and relative prosperity to most of Europe. Enormous economic improvements transformed the continent. The catastrophic era of the world wars receded into an ever more distant past, though its long shadow continued to shape mentalities. Europe was now a divided continent, living under the nuclear threat in a period intermittently fraught with anxiety. Europeans experienced a 'roller-coaster ride', both in the sense that they were flung through a series of events which threatened disaster, but also in that they were no longer in charge of their own destinies: for much of the period the USA and USSR effectively reduced Europeans to helpless figures whose fates were dictated to them by the Cold War. There were striking successes - the Soviet bloc melted away, dictatorships vanished and Germany was successfully reunited. But accelerating globalization brought new fragilities. The impact of interlocking crises after 2008 was the clearest warning to Europeans that there was no guarantee of peace and stability. In this remarkable book, Ian Kershaw has created a grand panorama of the world we live in and where it came from. Drawing on examples from all across the continent, Roller-Coaster will make us all rethink Europe and what it means to be European.

Space and Spatiality in Modern German-Jewish History

Book of Space and Spatiality in Modern German-Jewish History
  • Author : Simone Lässig,Miriam Rürup
  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Isbn : : 1785335545
  • Pages : 340
  • Category : History

What makes a space Jewish? This wide-ranging volume revisits literal as well as metaphorical spaces in modern German history to examine the ways in which Jewishness has been attributed to them both within and outside of Jewish communities, and what the implications have been across different eras and social contexts. Working from an expansive concept of “the spatial,” these contributions look not only at physical sites but at professional, political, institutional, and imaginative realms, as well as historical Jewish experiences of spacelessness. Together, they encompass spaces as varied as early modern print shops and Weimar cinema, always pointing to the complex intertwining of German and Jewish identity.

The USA and The World 2017-2018

Book of The USA and The World 2017-2018
  • Author : David M. Keithly
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Isbn : : 1475835213
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Education

Updated annually and part of the renowned “World Today Series,” USA and the World presents an unusually penetrating look into America and its relationship to the rest of the world.

Renia's Diary

Book of Renia's Diary
  • Author : Renia Spiegel
  • Publisher : St. Martin's Press
  • Isbn : : 1250256127
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography

A New York Times bestseller A USA Today bestseller The long-hidden diary of a young Polish woman's life during the Holocaust, translated for the first time into English Renia Spiegel was born in 1924 to an upper-middle class Jewish family living in southeastern Poland, near what was at that time the border with Romania. At the start of 1939 Renia began a diary. “I just want a friend. I want somebody to talk to about my everyday worries and joys. Somebody who would feel what I feel, who would believe me, who would never reveal my secrets. A human being can never be such a friend and that’s why I have decided to look for a confidant in the form of a diary.” And so begins an extraordinary document of an adolescent girl’s hopes and dreams. By the fall of 1939, Renia and her younger sister Elizabeth (née Ariana) were staying with their grandparents in Przemysl, a city in the south, just as the German and Soviet armies invaded Poland. Cut off from their mother, who was in Warsaw, Renia and her family were plunged into war. Like Anne Frank, Renia’s diary became a record of her daily life as the Nazis spread throughout Europe. Renia writes of her mundane school life, her daily drama with best friends, falling in love with her boyfriend Zygmund, as well as the agony of missing her mother, separated by bombs and invading armies. Renia had aspirations to be a writer, and the diary is filled with her poignant and thoughtful poetry. When she was forced into the city’s ghetto with the other Jews, Zygmund is able to smuggle her out to hide with his parents, taking Renia out of the ghetto, but not, ultimately to safety. The diary ends in July 1942, completed by Zygmund, after Renia is murdered by the Gestapo. Renia's Diary has been translated from the original Polish, and includes a preface, afterword, and notes by her surviving sister, Elizabeth Bellak. An extraordinary historical document, Renia Spiegel survives through the beauty of her words and the efforts of those who loved her and preserved her legacy.

Guido Goldman

Book of Guido Goldman
  • Author : Martin Klingst
  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Isbn : : 180073249X
  • Pages : 250
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography

The son of Nahum Goldmann, who was the founder of the World Jewish Congress, Guido Goldman was one of the most distinguished protagonists of the reintegration of Germany into the international community after the defeat of Nazism in 1945. Later he helped establish the German Marshall Fund and created Harvard University’s Center for European Studies as one of the pre-eminent research institutes and meeting places in the world for scholars, graduate students, prominent politicians, and artists. His large network of friends and interlocutors included Willy Brandt and Helmut Kohl, Henry Kissinger and Ronald Reagan, Harry Belafonte and Marlene Dietrich. His generous philanthropy extended to the preservation of non-Western cultures threatened by extinction, such as the IKAT project through which he revived the unique ancient textile arts of Central Asia. All this comes alive in Martin Klingst’s careful reconstruction of Goldman's life.

»Visuelle Integration«?

Book of »Visuelle Integration«?
  • Author : Raphael Rauch
  • Publisher : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
  • Isbn : : 3647310484
  • Pages : 458
  • Category : History

Die amerikanische Serie TV-Serie Holocaust wurde im Januar 1979 in Deutschland ausgestrahlt und hatte eine damals nicht vorstellbare Wirkung. über 20 Millionen Menschen sahen das Medienereignis und wurden so intensiv und emotional enorm berührend mit dem nationalsozialistischen Massenmord konfrontiert. Die Ausstrahlung von Holocaust gilt als erinnerungsgeschichtliche Zäsur und Meilenstein in der Aufarbeitung der NS-Gräuel. Der Begriff Holocaust wurde 1979 »Wort des Jahres« und gab jenem Verbrechen, das Winston Churchill noch »crime without a name« bezeichnete, einen Namen. Lange Zeit hatten die Deutschen noch unreflektiert in der nationalsozialistischen Terminologie von der »Endlösung« gesprochen.Der Erfolg der amerikanischen Holocaust-Produktion ermutigte deutsche Rundfunkanstalten, eigene Serien zum Dritten Reich in Auftrag zu geben. Sie hatten eine »visuelle Integration« jüdischer Figuren zum Ziel. Darunter verstand der Schriftsteller Wolfdietrich Schnurre ein gesellschaftspolitisches Anliegen: Durch das Sichtbarmachen jüdischer Kultur im Fernsehen sollte diese nicht nur ins Fernsehen, sondern auch in das Bewusstsein der bundesrepublikanischen Gesellschaft gerückt werden. Ausgehend vom gesellschaftspädagogischen Auftrag und Selbstverständnis des öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunk zeigt diese Studie, wie das normative Anliegen der »visuellen Integration« in den erinnerungspolitisch aufgeladenen 1980er-Jahren im Spannungsfeld von Aufklärungswillen und Geschichtsvergessenheit nur bedingt erreicht wurde. Als Fallbeispiele dienen Soll und Haben, Holocaust, Ein Stück Himmel, Heimat, Levin und Gutman sowie Kir Royal.

The Holocaust Short Story

Book of The Holocaust Short Story
  • Author : Mary Catherine Mueller
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn : : 1000729974
  • Pages : 122
  • Category : Literary Criticism

The Holocaust Short Story is the only book devoted entirely to representations of the Holocaust in the short story genre. The book highlights how the explosiveness of the moment captured in each short story is more immediate and more intense, and therefore recreates horrifying emotional reactions for the reader. The main themes confronted in the book deal with the collapse of human relationships, the collapse of the home, and the dying of time in the monotony and angst of surrounding death chambers. The book thoroughly introduces the genres of both the short story and Holocaust writing, explaining the key features and theories in the area. Each chapter then looks at the stories in detail, including work by Ida Fink, Tadeusz Borowski, Rokhl Korn, Frume Halpern, and Cynthia Ozick. This book is essential reading for anyone working on Holocaust literature, trauma studies, Jewish studies, Jewish literature, and the short story genre.